Writing a bachelor thesis: Tips for finding a topic, structuring and elaboration

Writing a bachelor thesis: Tips for finding a topic, structuring and elaboration

May 20, 2019

You have all credit points together, the necessary events are attended. Now you only have to finish writing the Bachelor’s degree – and depending on the university, the defense – of your Bachelor’s thesis. This is usually the longest scientific work you have had to write so far. Depending on the university, this is about 40 pages of continuous text. That sounds like a lot of work. But at the same time, you get the opportunity to engage with a topic of your choice and to show what you have learned. We provide you with useful tips to make your thesis a complete success and make writing fun.

Bachelor Thesis: The last work until graduation

The terms “Bachelor thesis” and “Bachelor thesis” are synonymous. They sign the thesis, which not only makes up part of your final grade, but may also be the last scientific work in your life. For many students, it is already right after the bachelor thesis into professional life. It is not unusual for employers to ask in the job interview what the topic and the grade of the thesis were.

The bachelor’s thesis is suitable for once again to really accelerate and improve his editing. The motivation here is higher than for other study achievements and exams. It’s the last chance and a great feeling to be proud of your bachelor thesis in the end. For this reason, many students let them print not only for the university but also for themselves.

Finding a topic for the bachelor thesis

Find a topic that interests you. After all, you have to deal with it for a few weeks. Think about: What questions have you always asked yourself during your studies? You could do that in your work. With which epoch, direction, with which research area did you deal with joy, for which seminar or internship you were fire and flame? Read a few articles from reference works and research in library databases and catalogs, if there is literature for your research question.

Already during the research, make sure that you concentrate on a subarea early on. Ask yourself if you can handle the topic in your time and within the given page size. First and foremost, ask about the usual formal specifications for your subject (font size, font, page number).

Do not forget notes

Discuss your topic and your question with your supervisor. You should have already read into the topic when you go to the consultation. So you can get the maximum benefit from the conversation. Do not be afraid of inquiring during or after this. Even with vague literature recommendations follow and write down the title and author. Take notes during the call.

Formulate theses and questions in writing. Adjust these again and again as your level of knowledge of the topic changes, and you realize that a different wording would be better. It helps to talk about it with others. That can also be foreigners. Questions from others can help pinpoint the research question or open the door to what actually interests you in the topic you are looking at.

Clusters facilitate focus of the question

Concentrate on a question within your theme by clustering. This technique in the area of ​​creative writing comes from Gabriele L. Rico. It lets creativity and analytical thinking work together. It also helps you focus on a specific area. Based on a keyword associative words are devised and written down. The relationship of the words with each other is marked by dashes that encircle words. Decide what interests you most and associate it again. Write a text to your clustering after a few passes.

Ask yourself what fascinates you about your topic and what irritates you. From these points can also develop an interesting question. However, by means of literature research, test whether the answer to the question can realistically be mastered in a bachelor thesis.

To find a question based on your topic, the following method can help you:

The three-step method by Kate L. Turabian (2007): This allows you to find out what you want to write about while writing.

Formulate your topic, that is what you write about. Start the sentence with: “I am working on / investigate / write about …”

Add a question, so what you want to find out in the work:

Add the sentence above with the words: “… because I want to find / understand / understand …”

Now define the goal of your investigation. Why do you want to know what you have described above?

Reread the sentence: “… to consider / ascertain / test …”

Construct the question formulated in the second point into a question sentence.

Convert the goal written in point three into a declarative sentence, which you introduce as follows: “The aim of my work is …”. From this you can derive your working hypothesis. Start with: “I assume that …”.

Outline of the bachelor thesis

To create an outline for your bachelor thesis, you should already have developed a problem-oriented question. Because that’s the best way to think about an argument with which you want to answer it.

If you have already obtained an overview of the literature on your research using standard works, Internet research and a first bibliography: Make a list of the aspects that you have already found out. In a second step, group them together and consider which topics belong to each other, which must be dealt with one after the other in an outline or explained in an introductory manner. Arrange the literature that might help you in your argumentation to the (sub) headings of your outline.

One way can also be, after reading a basic work on the topic, only to read through texts that support your line of reasoning. This saves time and saves you from always finding new aspects that are certainly very interesting, but only distract you from your question. Also, calculate how you want to weight your work and consider how many pages you will need for each subitem. So you can set yourself small work goals for the preparation phase and achieve intermediate successes that will further motivate you.

Preparation of the bachelor thesis

Gradually fill in your outline with text. But make sure that you successively and ideally also in one durchschreibst, so that the argumentation of the work remains fluid and you avoid repetition. To stay tuned, you can first write a rough draft and revise it in a second round. Also, you should divide the revision passage: first comes the content, then language and style, in the end the form. If you want to do it all at once, you can not move forward.

Write body before introduction

The order of the parts goes as follows: first the main part, then the introduction and finally the final write. Only when the main part is done do you know what you are doing with the introduction. In addition, the introduction should be particularly handy, so she wants to continue reading. In addition, someone who just skims over the work definitely reads the introduction and the conclusion. In these parts, the work should therefore make a particularly good impression and be very informative.

Your bachelor thesis should show the following: You can independently work on a question of your subject within a limited period of time using scientific methods. This period varies from six to twelve weeks, depending on the study subject. So make a schedule. Once you have logged in the work, you will get a fixed donation date. But even if you have not done so, you should set yourself a deadline. This helps you to work stringently on the progress of your work and gives you the necessary discipline. In addition, you can argue better when others want to harness you for recreational activities and favor, or your best friend again has acute heartache. “I have to finish my theory part today”, sounds more convincing than: “But I have to learn”. To write the rough draft, you plan half the time that you have. For the correction and revision a quarter of it.

Morning writing to solve blockages

Promote your thinking because thinking and writing are closely related. So you can express more directly what you are thinking about, use the exercise of the morning pages: For this handwritten write for half an hour every day, just what comes to your mind. If you can not think of anything, write that down too. Over time, writing down your own thoughts becomes smoother and writing your scientific text is also easier for you to do.

Let the bachelor thesis be read by others, preferably by several people. You could also give them different tasks, such as having someone check the content, let others know the language. Meet up with the reviewers in advance appointments. This helps you to stick to the schedule. Give the others enough time to correct, and remember that you’ll need to incorporate the corrections afterwards, which may take a while.

Careful scientific work is mandatory

Who said something? It’s important to make that clear in scientific work. It makes it clear that you have informed yourself about relevant literature and what you are saying. Distinguish and mark the following text elements in the bachelor thesis:

Direct quotes are highlighted by layout or quotation marks, depending on their length.

Indirect citations can be identified with phrases like: “Meyer’s approach says that …”

Paraphrases you make clear as such, by rewriting the author’s position in his own words and naming the author or prefixing it in the following bibliography “cf.” or “cf.” for “comparisons”.

Mark your own comments through the introductions “in my opinion …” or “in my opinion …” accordingly in the text.

When dealing with other scientific texts, you should not be awe-stung. Through your bachelor thesis, you enter into a scientific conversation with others who have researched this topic. Summarize what others have written in their own words. Most of the time the content will be better integrated. Take a position. It takes courage. By being well versed in your subject, you are (also) an expert in it, and you can easily allow yourself to take on your own position.